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Evolution Table


"Evolution Table" page is a brief summary of all the evolution styles discussed within this website. In fact, it will help you see the similarities and differences among all the styles within their evolution.


Style Name


Period


Designer


Place


Typeface
Characteristics



Example

Second century B.C. untill the fifth century A.D. Romans Roman Empire Square forms in simple geometric thick and thin stroke lines.
No space between the words.
Second century B.C. untill the fifth century A.D. Romans Roman Empire Extremely condensed and less square.  
Uncialis: 4th - 8th century

Half-uncials: 6th and 7th century
Latin scholars in North Africa Roman Empire More simple, clear, freely drawn, and rounder.
The Lower case appeared for the first time.
700 - 900 A.D. Irish In Ireland after the first missionaries arrived there. Round and full
6th - 7th A.D. French Central Europe, mainly France. Complex, but intresting.
The most difficult to read.
Late 8th century untill 1000 A.D. Anglo Saxon monk Alcuin Roman Empire - All Around Europe Clear, legibile, and elegant.
The words were seperated by a space for the first time.
1200 - 1500 A.D. Germans Europe, mainly Germany. Mainly decorative letters , where the characters are almost joined with one another.
The overall effect is one of a dense black texture.
15th - 19th century Johannes Gutenberg Europe, mainly Germany. The invention of typography and printing.
The popular gothic characters of that period, which were without subtle curves; were made in the form of woodcuttings and block printings.
The final outcome was hardly to distinguish from good calligraphy.
15th - today Nicholaus Jenson Europe, mainly Italy. Legibility, clarity, liveliness, and an element of divine repose.
The spaces between the letters had an even tone that made them more perfectly aligned than any other printer of that time.

15th - 17th A.D. Aldus Manutius (real name: Teobaldo Manucci.)

Francesco Griffo (press' punch cutter.)
Europe, mainly Italy and Greece. The typeface design advanced to more readable fonts, rather than just imitations of handwriting.
The problem of capitals to appear heavire in the text was corrected for the first time.
The italic type appeared for the first time around 1500 A.D.

1530 - 1700 A.D. Charles Garamond Europe, with the exception of Germany. Closer word spacing, and harmony of design between lowercase, capitals, and italics.
This typeface played an important part in establishing the roman fonts as the standard.
1592 - 1810 Elzevir Family (father, sons, and nephews), mainly Lois Elzevir

christoffel van Dyck (punch cutter)
Netherlands Stubby serifs with heavy bracketing and fairly stout hairline elements.
This typeface was to resist the wear and tear of printing.
17th - 18th A.D. Sebastien Truchet Europe, mainly France The invention of the notion of the "vectorial font" by defining the characters in terms of outlines with approximation by arcs of the circle. There are no italics for the original typeface.
The invention of the typographic point.
1720 - 1937 William Caslon England, America Stronger contrast between thick and thin strokes.
Very legible with sturdy texture that makes them "comfortable" and "friendly to the eye."

18th - today John Baskerville England Wider, with increased weight contrast between thick and thin strokes. The serifs flow smoothly out of the major strokes and terminate as refined points.
The invention of hot pressing printing.
18th - today Giambattista Bodoni Europe Open, formal, austere, and free of decoration. A strong contrast between thin and thick strokes with vertical rather than oblique shading.
The serifs are identified by hairlines that form sharp right angles with the upright strokes.
The text type was widely spaced between lines.
18th - today Didot family
(Francoise Ambroise Didot, Pierre Didot, and Firmin Didot.)
Europe, America Similar to Bodoni's letters, thought more mechanical and precise.
The invention of the Didot system of measurement.
The development of stereotyping.
 
       
© 2004 Natalia Rifai